The verb “to get” is one of those verbs that has so. many. uses.
Let’s break down two of the basic uses in this first lesson in my three-part series. (The written version of the lesson is below the video.)
get + noun (direct object)
When paired with a direct object — a noun or a pronoun — “get” usually means “receive,” “catch,” “obtain,” or “fetch.” Here are some examples:
I got a message from my boss this morning. (“received”)
Will you come and get me after my doctor’s appointment? (“fetch,” “pick up”)
I get a cramp when I jog for too long. (“receive”)
I got a promotion at work. (“received,” “obtained”)
Sometimes there are other meanings of “get + noun” that are fixed expressions:
I don’t get it. (“I don’t understand.” “To get [it]” means to understand something.)
I got it. (This can mean either “I understand,” or signal to other people that you can manage a situation. For example, saying, “I got it!” and raising your hand after the teacher asks a question means that you can answer the question.)
I’ll get you for this! (“I will punish or hurt you.” Think of “I’ll get you, my pretty!” from the Wizard of Oz.)
get + adjective
When it comes before an adjective, “get” often means “become.”
My eyesight gets worse every year!
Would you close the window? It’s getting cold.
When you have “get + object + adjective,” it means to “make somebody / something become…”
Can you get her ready for school? (=Can you make her be[come] ready for school?)
I can’t get my feet warm! (=I can’t make my feet become warm!)
Let’s try and get the house clean before the party. (=Let’s try and make the house become clean…)
Stay tuned for Part 2 next week with a lesson on “get + adverb / preposition” and “get + past participle.”
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One meaning of “afraid” is the same as the word “fear.”“Frightened” and “scared” are other synonyms of this meaning of “afraid.”
It’s almost always used with a form of the verb “to be.”
For example: Are you afraid of spiders? = Are you scared or fearful of spiders? She’s afraid (that) her mom will find out. = She’s frightened or scared (that) her mom will find out. I’m not afraid to speak in front of people. = I’m not scared to speak in front of people.
I’m afraid = I’m sorry
Another meaning of “afraid” is similar to “sorry.” People say “I’m afraid…” or “I’m afraid that…” to mean “I’m sorry to say that…” Saying “I’m afraid (that)…” is a polite way to give bad news or to apologize for something.
For example: I’m afraid that I don’t know. = I’m sorry to say that I don’t know. I’m afraid I’m going to be late. = I’m sorry to say I’m going to be late.
In addition, you can respond to certain questions or statements with “I’m afraid so,” or “I’m afraid not,” to mean “I’m sorry to say that is correct,” or “I’m sorry to say no.” For example:
A: Can you loan me some cash for lunch?
B: I’m afraid not. (I’m sorry to say no.)
A: The flight is delayed.
B: I’m afraid so. (I’m sorry to say that is correct.)
What about you?
Can you use both of these versions of “afraid” today? Leave a comment about how you used it!
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