Quantifiers Made Easy!

Quantifiers are words used before nouns to express the amount of something – in fairly general terms. Here are some common quantifiers and how to use them.

1. too much, too many, too
(meaning = “more than is good”)

  • too much + non-count noun
    Example: I drink too much coffee.
  • too many + count noun
    Example: I ate too many cookies today.
  • verb + too much
    Example: She talks too much.
  • too + adjective
    Example: I’m too sick to go to school.

2. enough
(meaning = “the amount that is necessary or needed”)

  • enough + noun
    Example: I did not drink enough water today. I’m so thirsty!
  • verb* + enough
    Example: She didn’t sleep enough this week.
    *verbs without objects
  • adjective / adverb + enough
    Example: I thought the shirt would be too small, but it is big enough.
    Example: He didn’t drive quickly enough, so he missed the game.

 

3. much and many

  • much = non-count nouns (milk, time, money, information, coffee, etc.)
    Example: We don’t have much coffee. Let’s buy more tomorrow.
    Example: How much money do you have?*
  • many = countable nouns (dollars, minutes, tables, etc.)
    Example: There are many tables at this cafe. It will be easy to find a seat.
    Example: How many hours before her flight arrives?

4. a little and a few

  • a little = non-count nouns
    Example: I have a little money. (meaning = I have some money, but not a lot.)
  • a few = count nouns
    Example: I have a few dresses. (meaning = I have some dresses.)

*”Little” or “few”, without “a” means a very, very small amount, or not many.
Example: I have little money = I have almost no money.
Example: I have few dresses = I do not have many dresses.


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